Bushcraft and Adventure Leader Training – Pip Park, Ashdown Forest – Feb 2013

My first Sea Cadet trip this year was down to Pippingford Park in the Ashdown Forest. This is an MOD training area but as I like to think of it as one of the best playgrounds in the world.

We went down to practice some Bushcraft and train one of the younger instructors on some navigation skills.

I was with my friends Keith Coleman, Charlie Brookes and Emma Deasey.

11209_10151343329904385_1751089814_n
Beautiful Pip Park

As we did not have any cadets to teach we took our time setting up our camp. We had our hammocks and a main tarp for a fire. It was a tad on the cold side but we had enough kit to stay toasty.

733761_10151343324149385_1174075269_n
Taking a break setting up camp

The site is full of great sites. One of my favourite trees is the Kissing tree.

733865_10151343325719385_1349798395_n
The kissing tree

The MOD have brought Exmoor Ponies in to help manage the land. They are a hardy breed and are quite happy to graze the low quality grazing found here so helping to manage the landscape as heathland.

535604_10151343326079385_1226843842_n
Exmoor Ponies

The park has over 600 Red and Fallow Deer so spotting droppings is not a problem. The droppings seemed to be pointed on one end and indented on the other so I took these to be Fallow.

312349_10151343326424385_2088092067_n
Deer droppings

Some great fungus to shelter under.

66979_10151343326774385_304648993_n
Large Artists fungus

Much of our time was spent mooching around and as usual we were always picking up material for tinder.

485038_10151343328539385_1600791511_n
Foraging for tinder

The park has six lakes to wander along and it was not long before we spotted something…………….

625566_10151343328599385_594325296_n
Lads have spotted something

The remains of a Deer by the waters edge.

59743_10151343329989385_1889067791_n
Deer remains

Further on on a stump I found some fox droppings.

644608_10151343331114385_695636590_n
Fox droppings

But the surprise was spotting the Witch of the Woods.

The park allows filming and this was a scene from the tales of Albion.

485520_10151343331329385_729876095_n
Filming for the Tales of Albion

We had to try out our new hammock seats from UK Hammocks

These are great for instructors as you can stuff them in your pocket and pull them out wherever you are.

406197_10151343332704385_1684438946_n
The three stooges

A new convert in Emma.

574912_10151343332719385_769201388_n
Happy (but cold) Emma

As Sea Cadet instructors to go hungry is a crime.

385945_10151343333424385_217959031_n
A typical Sea Cadet Breakfast

As usual I try and find Fire Faces in the fire.

554992_10151343332659385_2099161779_n
Cat Mask Fire Fac

The park is packed with archaeology. Please see the link below for further info on the park. This link is useful for all instructors bringing cadets here.

554992_10151343335069385_2109325432_n
Iron Age berm

One thing you always have to remember is that you are on MOD land.

285317_10151343333939385_417340389_n
Got to remember you are on MOD land

More information on the history of Pippingford Park can be found here – http://www.pippingford.co.uk/history

 

Our little Quinzhee

One wintry day last January while my kids and one of their friends were pelting me with snowballs I figured it was time for a little distraction for them.

72831_10151260054399385_414804933_n
Stand by to fire……………………..

I asked them if they fancied helping me build a little home in our garden from snow.

As you could guess they were up for it. I like to think that given the chance most kids would be up for something like this.

So off we started. We gathered up as much snow as we could to form a mound. You can produce a shelter like this quicker if you pack all your rucksacks into the centre and pile snow around them. Then when you dig it out you can just pull the rucksacks out. We just used snow though.

545239_10151260053249385_2046071399_n
Pile all your snow up

When you think you have enough snow piled up you need to compact it down as much as possible. I used the back of a spade for this. I have read that it is advised to let the snow settle for 24hrs but in any sort of survival situation make the best of what you have. I found that after really packing it down it was very strong. I am sure different types of snow will react in different ways.

I cut down a load of sticks  and stuck them all into the dome to a depth of about 30cms with a little bit left protruding at the surface. This is helpful when you are excavating the snow out.

578550_10151260053139385_1193212895_n
The Hedgehog effect

I used a saw and spade to dig the snow out.

When I came into contact with one of the sticks I would stop excavating that area and move on.

537289_10151260053154385_1632611907_n
Excavating the interior

The main bulk of the interior of the Quinzhee came out easily but I did spend quite a while smoothing the inner surface down. Both to ensure the snow was still packed well and to stop any drip points forming.

230786_10151260053519385_365397817_n
One Quinzhee

My daughter is lying fully flat here. When I tried it I had to curl up slightly.

582605_10151260053514385_1628664207_n
Add one daughter

The boys were happy.

The structure stayed up for about a week before the thaw made it to unstable for the kids to go into it.

74169_10151260054004385_1171638584_n
Two happy lads

Cheers

George

How To…. Knife Safety Tips

screen 1
1: knife in a robust sheath

Welcome to the first of my Bushcraft Step by Steps.

I will be building a range of Step by Steps in the future.

Like all good Bushcrafters I like to use a knife for much of my work and over the years I have taught many Sea Cadets how to use a knife. The following Step by Step covers some safe knife handling techniques. At the end of the article I have included a link to an excellent article on Knife Law in the UK. The first thing to consider about your knife is the sheath. Ensure your knife sheath is in good repair and is attached securely to you. Here (picture 1) my knife is attached via a dangler to my belt. I also carry a small necker knife on some cord around my neck. This sheath is made of leather but when I use a knife when prepping any food I prefer to use a stainless steel Mora knife (or similar) that has a plastic sheath as plastic is easier than leather to clean after preparing food (I try not to put my knife back in the sheath while prepping food but do forget sometimes).

 

 

 

 

Screen 2
2: Un-sheathing a knife

 

 

When un -sheathing your knife look at what you are doing (Picture 2). Always be aware of where the knife edge is. This sheath has been wet formed around the knife so when the knife is sheathed it is locked in. I pull on the knife gently so that it unlocks from the sheath then I draw the knife out slowly with the back of the blade touching the leather. When using a knife that is not attached to me I again pull gently on the knife to unlock it but then rather than removing the knife from the sheath I remove the sheath from the knife. This means that the hand holding the knife is still and it is the hand holding the sheath that is being moved. Far safer to teach this method with groups of children.

 

 

 

 

Screen 3
3: Full grip

 

 

To begin with hold the knife in an all round grip being careful to make sure your forefinger is clear of the edge of the blade (Picture 3). Be aware of who is around you at all times. I was taught to consider the ‘blood bubble’. Your blood bubble is the area around you out to two arm lengths. Anyone coming into that area while you are working with a knife has a good chance becoming a ‘burst blood bubble’. All potentially very messy so if someone comes into your bubble stop work and put the knife in its sheath.

 

 

 

 

Screen 6
4: Side cut standing

 

A good safe position when trimming some wood is to work to your side (Picture 4). Here I have my knife arm locked with the blade at 90 degrees to my arm. Rather than moving my knife I moved the piece of wood I am working on. When using this position I like to use the part of the knife edge closest to the handle as this causes least movement to the knife. This technique works equally well with the knife held out in front of you while standing up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 5
5: Side cut sitting

 

 

Here the movement can be seen in the wood and not the knife while in a sitting position (picture 5).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 8
6: Shoulder cut

Using a log to rest the work piece on you can get some very powerful and safe cuts.

Place the end of the work piece on a log (to your side or well in front) and with your knife arm kept straight push the knife down on the work piece (Picture 6). If your knife arm is kept straight you will be using your shoulder and back muscles so giving you a much stronger cutting force. Be aware where on the log the end of the work piece is located so that it does not tip the log over or that you end up rapping your knuckles. I like to use this technique working off to my side.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 7
7: Knee brace

 

 

A very safe and powerful cut is to use your knee as a brace for the back of your knife (Picture 7). Again the knife is locked and you are moving the work piece to make the cuts. Brace the back of the blade below the front of the knee (if sitting) or against a small tree (move the wood not the knife). Here your main area to keep an eye on is that your forefinger on the hand holding the work piece does not come into contact with the blade tip.

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 4
8: Elbows on knees

When sitting and you do not want to work to your side then place your elbows on your knees while working with a knife (Picture 8). This ensures that the tip of the knife is well away from your ‘Triangle of Death’ – that is the area from your groin out to your knees. Any cuts in this area are potentially fatal due to the close proximity of the femoral artery in your thighs. In this picture I am making very fine cuts with the knife creating a bevel at the end of the work piece. I like to use my thumbs for fine work to push on the back of the knife as I find this gives me more control. Be careful not to put undue strain on your thumb as this can lead to stress on your lower arm. If more pressure is required then return to a full grip with the arm locked out.

 

Screen 17
9: Chest lever

 

A very powerful and controlled cut is to use the Chest Lever position (Picture 9). With your arms locked against your chest and pushing your ellbows into you while expanding your chest provides a powerful cut. This is actually a very safe method when done properly as the knife hardly moves.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 9
10: Fine cut

 

 

 

 

For fine cuts, push your thumbs against the back of the handle or blade (or some people prefer one thumb on top of the other) (Picture 10). Remember this is only for fine cuts requiring little pressure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 10
11: Rosette Cut

 

 

You can make these fine cuts safely all the way around a stick in order to snap it cleanly (Picture 11). When you have made fine cuts all around the stick turn the stick around and make another series of cuts around the stick to produce a V-shaped channel.

 

 

 

Screen 11
12: Rosette split

 

 

 

 

Keep repeating this until the stick snaps easily (Picture 12).

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 12
13: Wedge

 

 

 

 

Here I have created a wedge to use when battoning with a knife (Picture 13).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 13
14: Battoning set up

 

 

When battoning with a knife ensure the work item is on a stable platform well in front of you and the knife is placed in a position 90 degrees from your body (Picture 14). If the knife then slips the follow through line is away from you.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 14
15: Splitting with a wedge

 

 

Then use your wedge that you created before to safely split the wood and release the knife (Picture 15). With the wedge you can split the wood far enough apart so that the knife can be removed smoothly or it drops out onto the ground.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 18
16: Feather stick

 

With your split wood you can make some feather sticks to get your fire started (Picture 16).   Here I am kneeling, my arm is locked out and the work piece is off to one side on a stump.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Screen 16
17: Sheathing the knife

 

 

 

When you have completed your task, put the knife back in its sheath keeping your fingers away from the blade as you do so (Picture 17). (Take care: this is a common time for cuts).

 

 

 

 

 

 

An excellent article on knife law in the UK can be found on the Bushcraft UK site – UK Knife Law

Why Bushcraft Days?

20130907_114701-2751319013-OI believe passionately in the importance of teaching kids about the outdoors and about themselves. There’s nothing more satisfying than seeing the pride and delight on the face of a child who’s made fire for the first time out of nothing more than sticks, grass and elbow grease. In a world where kids are cushioned, cossetted and cocooned, where they spend most of their leisure time staring at screens, getting them into the wilderness and engaged with the most basic skills of hunting, tracking, shelter-building and camp-fire cooking is transformative.

I’ve been involved in outdoor education pretty much all my life, and a qualified Bushcraft instructor for the last 5 years. I will be adding posts on my adventures and adding ‘Step by Step’ tutorials on some crafts and skills.